Planning and DesignPlanning and design
The Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, referred to as CIQ for short, is a department that works for the country's entry-exit inspection and quarantine. The duty is to carry out inspections on entry and exit of goods, personnel, vehicles, containers, luggage and parcels, including sanitary quarantine, animal and plant quarantine, and commodity inspection to ensure the safety of personnel, animals and plants, and the quality of commodities. The laboratory planning and design of the Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau usually includes planning for chemical laboratories, molecular biology laboratories, food inspection laboratories, bacteriological laboratories, and virological laboratories.
Guangdong People's Peak: 15813385418
The laboratories of the Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau are divided into many different types of laboratories. The following is a brief introduction to the basic layout and main functions of each laboratory.
I. Planning and design of molecular biology laboratory (P2 design)
1. Function: conduct molecular biology research;
2. Division: A, reagent preparation area B, sample processing area C, amplification area D, and product analysis area;
3. Development direction: Gene chip detection, DNA sequencing;
4. The main equipment to be configured: real-time PCR instrument, ordinary amplification instrument, molecular imaging system, gel product analysis system, high-speed centrifuge, desktop low-temperature high-speed centrifuge, ordinary incubator, automatic high-pressure sterilizer, ultra-clean Workbench, secondary biological safety cabinet, DNA sequencer (reserved for development), etc.
Design drawing of entry-exit inspection and quarantine laboratory
Planning and Design of Bacteriology Laboratory
Bacterial health indicator testing, bacterial analysis and identification, etc., provide bacteriological detection indicators for epidemic situations, and provide technical guidance and support for lower-level units.
2. Function group setting:
(1) Sanitary bacteria room
Function: Detection and identification of related products bacteriological indicators;
Zoning: 2 Class A and 1000 laboratories, 1 Class B and 100 laboratories;
Main equipment required: a batch of biochemical incubator, mold incubator, anaerobic incubator, automatic colony counter, common microscope, fluorescence microscope (shared with pathogenic bacteria room), automatic high-pressure sterilizer, bacterial immunity analysis Instrument (shared with pathogenic bacteria room), fully automatic bacterial identification instrument (shared with pathogenic bacteria room), etc.
(2) Pathogenic bacteria room
Function: To culture, isolate and identify pathogenic bacteria;
Zoning: A, intestinal bacterial culture area B, respiratory bacterial culture area (P2 design);
Main equipment required: ordinary microscope, fluorescence microscope, ultra-low temperature refrigerator, anaerobic incubator, carbon dioxide incubator, batch of biochemical incubator, centrifuge, automatic high-pressure sterilizer, secondary biological safety cabinet, bacterial immunity analyzer , Automatic bacterial identification instrument, etc.
Planning and design of virology laboratory
Detects, reports, and analyzes the epidemic situation of viral diseases, mainly conducting research on viral epidemiology, molecular biology, virus culture isolation test, viral etiology, and immunology, and provides scientific experiments for viral disease prevention and control Data, and provide technical guidance and support for the laboratory construction plan.
2. Function group setting:
(1) Planning and Design of Biochemical Immunology Laboratory (Hepatitis Room)
Function: Perform immunological analysis and biochemical analysis of hepatitis virus;
Zoning: A. Enzyme-free detection area B. Biochemical analysis area C. Time-resolved immunoassay;
The main equipment required for configuration: automatic microplate reader, automatic biochemical analyzer, time-resolved detector, etc.
(2) HIV laboratory planning and design
Function: Preliminary screening and confirmation of AIDS;
With inspection items: agglutination test, western blot test, enzyme immunity test, gold standard (selenium standard) rapid detection;
Development direction: antigen detection, nucleic acid analysis, viral load detection, HIV-related immune factor detection;
Main equipment required: ordinary incubator, low temperature refrigerator, plate washer, microplate reader, automatic western blotter, digital camera, automatic autoclave, biological safety cabinet, flow cytometer (reserved for development) Wait.
(3) Virus culture laboratory
Function: Perform virus isolation, culture and identification;
Inspection capabilities: influenza virus isolation and identification, measles vaccine titer determination, polio sugar pill titer determination, poliovirus isolation and identification, and neutralizing antibody determination, etc .;
Zoning: A, enterovirus culture area B, respiratory virus culture area (P2 design);
Main equipment to be configured: fluorescence microscope, inverted microscope, liquid nitrogen tank, ultra-low temperature refrigerator, water bath box, ordinary incubator, carbon dioxide incubator, secondary biological safety cabinet, desktop ordinary centrifuge, desktop low temperature high-speed centrifuge, fully automatic high pressure Sterilizer, electron microscope (development direction), etc.
(4) Planning and design of viral immunology laboratory (P2 design)
Function: Viral immunological detection;
Detection capabilities: Hemagglutination, agglutination test, blood suppression test, enzyme immunity test, neutralization test, complement binding test, immunofluorescence test, etc .;
Main equipment required: ordinary incubator, water bath, ultra-low temperature refrigerator, fluorescence microscope, desktop ordinary centrifuge, desktop low-temperature high-speed centrifuge, plate washer, automatic high-pressure sterilizer, secondary biological safety cabinet, microplate reader Wait.
Fourth, other laboratory planning and design
1. Toxicology laboratory
Function: memory toxicity test (percutaneous, digestive, respiratory), eye irritation test, skin irritation test, mucosal irritation test;
Development direction: nutrition index toxicology test, chronic toxicity test, carcinogenic and teratogenic test;
Zoning: A, animal room B, experimental area;
Equipment required: cryostat, microscope, electronic balance.
Function: "Four Harms" drug resistance test;
Zoning: A. Animal room (designed as ordinary animal room) B. Experimental area;
Equipment required: microscope, electronic balance, gas cabinet, etc.
3. Parasitology laboratory
Function: parasite culture, immunological test, blood test, stool test;
Development direction: food hygiene and production inspection, animal experiments;
Required equipment: ordinary microscope, fluorescence phase contrast microscope, plate washer, microplate reader, etc.
4. P3 laboratory (reserved for development)
Main functions: Laboratory testing of highly infectious pathogens;
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